Composting can seem like a daunting task, but it doesn’t have to! Composting is a simple way you can reduce the waste that gets sent to the landfill and return some nutrients back into the ground. Composting is simply allowing nature to do its thing; it is the process in which decomposing organic material is turned into a mulch-like substance and can be used as a fertilizer when planting a garden or planting trees.

If you want to get started composting, the first thing you’ll need to do is find an area where you want your compost. Since you’re allowing decomposition to take place, this location will need to be outside, but contrary to popular belief,  there are no odors associated with composting.

Once you’ve chosen a spot you have two options: You can either construct a bin or simply start a pile. If constructing a bin, follow these steps.  After you’ve decided on a bin vs a pile, you’re ready to start composting. You’ll need an initial mix of brown and green materials to kick-start your compost. Brown materials will be items such as lawn and garden trimmings, as well as leaves. Combine these brown materials with green items such as fruit and vegetable scraps. This will you give your compost a good mix of materials that will break down together and start your composting properly. However, keep in mind that only certain things are compostable. Here’s a short guide to what you should and shouldn’t include in your compost once you have it up and running:

YES

  • Coffee grounds and tea bags
  • Fresh produce scraps
  • Shredded newspaper
  • Stale bread
  • Eggshells
  • Woodchips
  • Sawdust
  • Paper bags

NO

  • Meat and fish scraps
  • Bones
  • Dairy products
  • Oils and fats
  • Ash
  • Invasive or poisonous plants
  • Seeds
  • Pet waste

Upkeep for your compost bin or pile is pretty simple. Always make sure your compost is somewhat damp and water it if need be. The soil should also be flipped from top to bottom with a shovel or pitchfork at least once a week. Other than continuing to supply your compost with other compostable materials, your work is done. Nature will do its job and you will soon have mulch and fertilizer for your spring garden.

So yes, composting seems like a daunting task but it really is this easy! Just one simple change to your life that can make a huge difference in reducing your footprint, and divert waste from your local landfill. Help your community be greener and start your compost today!

For more methods of composting and further information regarding composting available at this link.